Travel to Rajasthan to see a town rich in history and sacrifice. Chittorgarh is the legendary site of three mass suicides (jauhar) of Rajput women in 1303, 1535 and 1568. Chittorgarh epitomizes courage and self-respect of the valiant defenders in the Hindu resistance against the Mughal invaders. Located in the southern part of Rajasthan, it is 112 km from Udaipur and 182 km from Ajmer.
Chittorgarh was sacked thrice in its history. The first time was by Alauddin Khilji in 1303. According to legend, he was so enamoured by Rani Padmini's beauty that he attacked the town in the hope of capturing her. However when it was clear Chittorgarh could not be defended she immolated herself in the Rajput tradition of Jauhar, along with the other women in the fort, while the men went out to fight in a last desperate battle. Chittorgarh was attacked again in 1533 A.D. by Bahadur Shah of Gujarat. Once again Jauhar took place, led by Rani Karnavati, while her infant son Udai Singh was concealed and rescued. He grew to occupy the throne of Chittorgarh but fled when the town was attacked again in 1567 by the Mughal Emperor Akbar and his army. His flight resulted in the creation of the town of Udaipur and Chittorgarh was left abandoned. Today the city stand as a proud reminder of the the heroism and sacrifice of the Rajputs of Rajasthan India.
Travel Destinations in Chittorgarh Rajasthan
Chittorgarh Fort: The Chittorgarh Fort is a massive structure perched on a hill spread over an area of 280-hectares. Among the monuments housed within the fort are Rana Kumbha's Palace, Fateh Prakash Palace, Tower of Victory and Rani Padmini's Palace.
Tower of Victory-Vijay Stambh: Vijay Stambh - this 9-storyed 'tower of Victory' was built by Maharana Kumbha in 1440.AD to commemorate his victory over Mohammed Khilji of Malwa. You can have a beautiful top angle view of the whole town. The tower gets illuminated in the evening, which cast a spell. A piece de resistance, the tower is a must see on any itinerary in a travel to Rajasthan.
Kirti Stambh: Adherents of Jainism travel to Rajasthan in large numbers as the state is noted for being home to some of the finest Jain structures. One of them is the Kirti Stambh, which you can see when you travel to Chittorgarh. Dedicated to Adinath, the 1st Jaina Tirthankar, the Kirti Stambh was built in the 12th century A.D by a wealthy Jain merchant. The tower is adorned by carved images of the Digambar saints.
Rana Kumbha Palace: This 15th century Palace of Rana Kumbha is a classic specimen of Rajput architecture. It was built by Rana Kumbha during whose reign Mewar prospered and scaled new heights.
Kumbha Shyam Temple:
Built during the reign of Rana Kumbha, the temple is a fine example in the Indo-Aryan style. The shrine is famous for housing an image of Varaha, the boar incarnation of Vishnu.
Kalika Mata Temple:
Dedicated to the mother Goddess Kali, the temple has beautiful carvings. The carvings include the famous scenes of the churning of the ocean by the gods and demons. There is an image of Surya guarding the main entrance to the temple.
Built in north Indian style with a delicate curved tower the temple is dedicated to Meerabai, the famous Jodhpur princess and mystic poetess.
The Gaumukh Kund is a deep tank and considered to be a holy place. Located in the tranquil surroundings, this spot offers spectacular views across the plains.
Padmini's Palace is built beside the lotus pool with a historical pavilion that changed the course of history of Chittor. Ala-ud Ala-ud-din Khilji's obsession with her beauty led to the bloody battle in 1303 A.D. Padmini committed jauhar, immolating herself in a pyre to avoid capture by the invader. A travel to Rajasthan will acquaint you with the highly cherished notion that death is preferable to dishonor.
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